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        您現在的位置:主頁 > 英語擴展閱讀 > 文化背景 > 文章內容


        作者: admin來源: 網絡文章 時間: 2021-08-21


        【GREeting Season】:

        春節 The Spring Festival 農歷 lunar calendar

        正月 lunar January; the first month by lunar calendar

        除夕 New Year's Eve; eve of lunar New Year

        初一 the beginning of New Year 元宵節 The Lantern Festival


        過年 Guo-nian; have the Spring Festival

        對聯 poetic couplet: two successive rhyming lines in poetry

        春聯 Spring Festival couplets 剪紙 paper-cuts

        買年貨 special purchases for the Spring Festival ; do Spring Festival shopping

        年畫 New Year paintings 敬酒 propose a toast

        燈籠 lantern: a portable light 煙花 fireworks

        爆竹 firecrackers (People scare off evil spirits and ghosts with the loud pop.)

        紅包 red packets (cash wrapped up in red paper, symbolize fortune and wealth in the coming year.)

        舞獅 lion dance (The lion is believed to be able to dispel evil and bring good luck.)

        舞龍 dragon dance (to expect good weather and good harvests)

        戲曲 traditional opera 雜耍 variety show; vaudeville

        燈謎 riddles written on lanterns 燈會 exhibit of lanterns

        守歲 staying-up 禁忌 taboo

        拜年 pay New Year's call; give New Year's GREetings; New Year's visit

        去晦氣 get rid of the ill- fortune

        祭祖宗 offer sacrifices to one's ancestors

        壓歲錢 gift money; money given to children as a lunar New Year gift

        【Culture Note】:In the old days, New Year's money was given in the form of one hundred copper coins strung together on a red string and symbolized the hope that one would live to be a hundred years old. Today, money is placed inside red envelopes in denominations considered auspicious and given to represent luck and wealth

        辭舊歲 bid farewell to the old year

        掃房 spring cleaning; general house-cleaning

        【Food names】:

        年糕 Nian-gao; rise cake; New Year cake

        團圓飯 family reunion dinner 年夜飯 the dinner on New Year's Eve

        餃子 Jiao-zi; Chinese meat ravioli 八寶飯 eight treasures rice pudding

        湯圓 Tang-yuan; dumplings made of sweet rice, rolled into balls and stuffed with either sweet or spicy fillings

        糖果盤 candy tray: 什錦糖 assorted candies - sweet and fortune

        蜜冬瓜 candied winter melon - growth and good health

        西瓜子 red melon seed - joy, happiness, truth and sincerity

        金桔 cumquat - prosperity 紅棗 red dates - prosperity

        糖蓮子 candied lotus seed - many descendents to come

        糖藕 candied lotus root - fulfilling love relationship

        花生糖 peanut candy - sweet


        Treasures fill the home 財源廣進

        Business flourishes 事業興隆

        Peace all year round 歲歲平安

        Wishing you prosperity 恭喜發財

        Harmony brings wealth 家和萬事興

        May all your wishes come true 心想事成

        Everything goes well 萬事如意

        The country flourishes and people live in peace 國家富強、人民安康

        Money and treasures will be plentiful 財源茂盛

        Wishing you every success Promoting to a higher position 事業有成、更上一層樓、蒸蒸日上

        Safe trip wherever you go 一帆風順

        Wish you happiness and prosperity in the coming year! 祝你新的一年快樂幸福

        Wish you success in your career and happiness of your family! 事業成功,家庭美滿(闔家歡樂)


        Dos and Donts of Chinese New Year


        Wish everyone you meet a happy New Year by saying "gong xi fa cai", which translates to: "Have a happy and prosperous New Year!" 對每一個你遇到的人道一聲:“恭喜發財”,翻譯成英文就是:“在新的一年里擁有幸福繁榮的生活”;

        Wear articles of red clothing because red symbolizes luck. 穿紅色布料做成的飾品,因為紅色昭示著幸運;

        Eat vegetarian food because it's not good to see blood. 吃素食,因為見血是不吉利的;

        Buy new trousers because the Chinese word for trousers is "fu", (Chinese homonym for wealth) 買新褲子(衣服),因為漢語里褲子就是“服”,(在漢語里與財富的“富”諧音);

        Children should stay up as late as possible on New Year's Eve for it is believed that the later they stay up, the longer their parents will live. 孩子應該在除夕之夜盡可能晚睡、熬夜因為據說他們睡的越晚,他們的父母越長壽;

        Visit family (especially those older than yourself) and friends to pass on your wishes on good fortune for the New Year. (plus kids and single people will receive lai-see lucky red packets full of money. 拜訪親戚朋友(尤其是比你年長的),傳遞你對他們來年幸福的美好祝愿(另外孩子和單身的人將會得到裝滿錢的幸運紅包,稱為“來喜”。)

        Give two lai see to each child. Because happiness comes in two's, do not just give one. This is your way of passing good luck to the next generation. Business owners also give lai see to employees and associates. 給每個孩子兩份“來喜”(我覺得應該指錢是偶數的),因為好事成雙,不要只給一份。這是你把祝愿傳遞給下一代的方法。企業主(老板)也要給員工和同事紅包。


        Don't wear white or black clothing, since they are the traditional colours of mourning. 不要穿白色或黑色服裝,因為這是傳統意義上喪事的顏色;

        Don't buy new shoes for the first month of the New Year, because the sound of shoe in Chinese is "hai". "Hai" is similar to the sound of sighing, which Chinese believe is not a good way to start the year. 不要在新年的第一個月買新鞋,因為在漢語里鞋的發音是“孩”(好像是四川地區的發音), 它與嘆息”唉“相近,中國人認為這不是新年伊始的好兆頭。

        Don't wash your hair for the first three days of the New Year, because the Chinese word for hair is a homonym for the Chinese word for wealth. Therefore, Chinese believe it isn't a good thing to 'wash away your wealth' right at the start of the New Year. 在新年的前三天里不要洗頭,因為漢語里“頭發”的“發”和“發財”的“發”同音。因此,中國認為在新年伊始把財富給沖走可不是好兆頭。

        Floors may not be swept and garbage may not be disposed of on the first day of the New Year for fear of casting riches out the door. 在新年第一天,不拖地,不扔垃圾,因為怕把"財"給送走了;

        Don't swear or quarrel. 不要詛咒發誓,也不愿吵架;

        Don't break any dishes, otherwise you may incur more misfortune for the New Year. In the event of breaking a dish, quickly say " Peace for all time", and the bad luck will be warded away. 不要打破碗碟,否則在來年你可能會遭遇不幸。一旦打破了,要馬上說“歲歲平安”,這樣壞運氣就會被趕走了;

        Don't GREet people who are in mourning. 不要向服喪期的人們問候(主要指不要說喜慶的話吧?)

        Don't drop your chopsticks. 不要讓筷子掉地上;

        Don't say the number 'four' (Chinese homonym for death) or mention death. 不要說數字“四”(漢語里和“死”諧音)或者提到死;

        Don't borrow or lend money. 不要借錢也不要借給別人錢。


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